Biofuel Sources - CPO, PAO, HACPO & PKS
SPB has secured various long term contract agreements for CPO, POME/PAO, HAPO and PKS from Palm Oil Mills, through these agreements we are committed to service our clients requirements for these commodities on spot and long term contracts to our clients and to countries that are commitment to the reduction of Green House Gases (GHG's).
Crude Palm Oils (CPO) is widely know for its uses and now is extensively being used in the production of Cooking Oils and Margarine as well as now for bio-diesel due to the ever diminishing supply of Used Cooking Oil (UCO).
Palm Acid Oil (PAO) is a by-product of CPO processing and consists of FFA (over 50%), with 2-3% moisture. It is very similar to palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD), which; its FFA is generally lower, and is the oil within Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME). and used as a fatty acid bio-diesel feedstock, animal feeds and in soap making, PAO
High Acid Palm Oil (HAPO) is another bio-diesel feedstock with an of FFA 8~15% that is produced from older FFB (>24~48 Hrs after harvest) that is also now being used in bio-diesel refining which meets international bio-diesel standards such as EN 14214 and ASTM D6751. Perchloric acid shows high catalytic activity for the conversion of FFA to FAME that can be used to treat a wide range of acidic oils and fats as well.
Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) up until 2014 was considered a waste that could not be utilized and was use by mills for road maintenance. Since 2014, PKS is increasing in demand and being used as an alternative clean bio-fuel alternative of the future. Many power producers in Japan and Korea have turned to PKS as a co-fired fuel as an additional fuel for use in coal fired power stations as well as new PKS bio-fuel power stations now being built in Japan and Korea.
All of these palm products are supplied by SPB as feedstock to our clients who are committed to a green future by reducing GHG's.